Strategic Planning refers to the coordinated and systematic process for developing the plan for the overall direction of your endeavor for the purpose of optimizing future potential.

Strategic Management refers to the both strategy development and execution. 

Vision (Internal Use)
Vision outlines what the organization wants to be, or how it wants the world in which it operates to be (an "idealised" view of the world). Your vision statement is your inspiration, the framework for all your strategic planning. What you are doing when creating a vision statement is articulating your dreams and hopes for your business as a statement that will remind you of what you are trying to build.

Mission (External Use)
Mission defines the fundamental purpose of an organization or an enterprise, succinctly describing why it exists and what it does to achieve its vision. Your mission statement is the purpose of your company, its reason for existing. The mission statement should guide the actions of the organization, spell out its overall goal, provide a path, and guide decision-making. It provides framework or context within which the company's strategies and marketing activities are formulated.

Values are beliefs that are shared among the stakeholders of an organization.

An observable and measurable end result having one or more objectives to be achieved within a more or less fixed time frame.

A method or plan chosen to bring about a desired future, such as achievement of a goal or solution to a problem.